What are the causes of Stomach Ulcers?

What are the causes of Stomach Ulcers?

Causes of Stomach Ulcers: Stomach ulcers, also known as gastric ulcers or peptic ulcers, are open sores that develop in the lining of the stomach. They can cause considerable discomfort and affect a person’s quality of life. Understanding the causes of stomach ulcers is crucial for effective treatment and prevention. While it was once believed that spicy foods and stress were the primary culprits behind ulcers, modern research has shed light on the true underlying causes.

In this article, we will explore the various factors that contribute to the development of stomach ulcers, including a specific bacterium, certain medications, lifestyle choices, and genetic predisposition. By gaining a comprehensive understanding of these causes, individuals can take appropriate measures to reduce their risk of developing stomach ulcers and maintain their digestive health. Keep on reading till the end to know about it in detail!

What to Eat When You Have an Ulcer?

Causes of stomach ulcers:

The causes of stomach ulcers to know are:

Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection:

The most common cause of stomach ulcers is an infection by the bacterium H. pylori. It spreads through contaminated food, water, or close contact with an infected person. H. pylori damages the protective lining of the stomach, leading to the formation of ulcers.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs):

Regular and prolonged use of NSAIDs like aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen can irritate the stomach lining, increasing the risk of developing ulcers. These medications reduce inflammation but can also disrupt the protective mucus layer in the stomach.

Excessive alcohol consumption:

Alcohol abuse or frequent heavy drinking can damage the stomach lining, making it more vulnerable to ulcers. Alcohol increases the production of stomach acid and reduces the ability of the stomach to defend itself against acid-related damage.


Smoking cigarettes weakens the protective lining of the stomach, making it easier for stomach acid to cause ulcers. It also slows down the healing process of existing ulcers and increases the risk of complications.


While stress alone doesn’t directly cause ulcers, it can contribute to their development and exacerbate symptoms. High levels of stress can increase stomach acid production and impair the protective mechanisms of the stomach, making it more susceptible to ulcers.

Certain medications:

In addition to NSAIDs, other medications like corticosteroids (e.g., prednisone), selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), and potassium supplements can increase the risk of stomach ulcers by irritating the stomach lining or altering acid production.

Genetic predisposition:

Some individuals may have an inherited predisposition to developing stomach ulcers. Certain genetic factors can make the stomach lining more susceptible to damage from factors such as H. pylori infection or NSAID use.


While stomach ulcers can affect people of all ages, they are more prevalent in older adults. Aging leads to a gradual decline in the ability of the stomach lining to regenerate and repair itself, increasing the risk of developing ulcers.

Other medical conditions:

Certain medical conditions, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), Crohn’s disease, liver disease, or Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (a rare disorder causing excessive stomach acid production), can increase the likelihood of developing stomach ulcers.

Read Also

What Are the Symptoms of Peptic Ulcer?


It’s important to note that multiple factors can contribute to the development of stomach ulcers. Often, it’s a combination of these factors that increases the risk. If you experience persistent abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, or other concerning symptoms, it’s crucial to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment. Treating the underlying cause of the ulcers and adopting lifestyle changes can help manage and prevent further complications.

Reach Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain for Stomach ulcer treatment in Jaipur!

If you’re seeking reliable treatment for stomach ulcers in Jaipur, Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain is a name worth considering. Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain is a renowned medical professional specializing in gastroenterologist in jaipur and has established a strong reputation for his expertise in diagnosing and treating various gastrointestinal disorders, including stomach ulcers.

With his extensive experience and commitment to patient care, Dr. Jain has become a trusted name in the medical community. His expertise in managing stomach ulcers involves a comprehensive approach that focuses on accurate diagnosis, personalized treatment plans, and compassionate care.


Can causes of Stomach Ulcers be managed at home?

Yes, with proper guidance and self-care, stomach ulcers can be managed at home.

What dietary changes can help in managing stomach ulcers at home?

Avoid spicy and acidic foods, alcohol, and caffeine. Consume a balanced diet with fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.

Is stress management important for managing stomach ulcers at home?

Yes, stress can aggravate stomach ulcers. Practicing stress-reduction techniques like meditation, deep breathing, and regular exercise can be beneficial.

Are there any over-the-counter medications that can be used for managing stomach ulcers at home?

Over-the-counter antacids or acid reducers can help alleviate symptoms temporarily, but it’s important to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

When should I seek medical attention while managing a stomach ulcer at home?

It’s important to seek medical attention if you experience severe abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, blood in the stool, or if your symptoms worsen despite home management efforts.