10 Common Gastrointestinal Diseases: What You Need to Know

10 Common Gastrointestinal Diseases: What You Need to Know


Every human body contains a digestive system. The digestive system inside our body is responsible for the digestion and absorption of nutrition from food. The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a part of our digestive system that consists of all the organs, including the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and anus. 

When a human body is affected by a gastrointestinal disease, it specifically affects the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Hence, all the organs from the mouth to the anus are affected by the influence of gastrointestinal disease. If affected by any such disease, you must consult a gastro doctor in Jaipur, such as Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain, and get the disease treated to suffer minimal health complications.

Types of Gastrointestinal Diseases

There are mainly two types of gastrointestinal diseases:

  • Functional Gastrointestinal Disease: Functional gastrointestinal disease is a common disease that occurs in the body. In this, the GI tract of the body looks normal however, it does not move properly. This causes symptoms such as constipation, nausea, gas bloating, and in extreme cases, might sometimes result in diarrhea as well. 
  • Structural Gastrointestinal Disease: Structural gastrointestinal diseases are quite severe as compared to functional gastrointestinal diseases. In this disease, the GI tract looks abnormal and also does not function properly. Considering a worst-case scenario, surgery might be needed to remove the abnormality. 

If you face any symptoms of structural or functional gastrointestinal disease, it is recommended to immediately seek the assistance of a Gastro and Liver Specialist in Jaipur, such as Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain. Doing this can help you avoid severe health risks and elimination of the disease at an initial stage. 

10 Common Gastrointestinal Diseases

Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain, a Gastro and Liver Specialist in Jaipur, often comes across some common gastrointestinal diseases. Here are 10 common gastrointestinal diseases that often affect the human body:

1. Coeliac Disease

Coeliac disease is a common type of gastrointestinal disease. It is an autoimmune disease that affects the inner lining of the small bowel along with a small amount of gluten. Gastro doctors in Jaipur often warn that Coeliac disease can affect people of all age groups and genders. The common symptoms of coeliac disease include bloating, nausea, vomiting, fatty stools, and pain in the gut. 

2. Constipation

Another common gastrointestinal disease is constipation. Constipation includes difficulty in passing stools. Both adults and young people can be affected by constipation. A major reason behind this disease is an abrupt change of lifestyle. However, there can be other major reasons for this too. When affected, you must immediately consult a gastro doctor in Jaipur to get instant relief from the problem.

3. Diarrhea

Contrary to constipation, the gastrointestinal disease diarrhea causes loose and watery stools. Additionally, stools may be more frequent and, as a result, might result in dehydration in the body.

Diarrhea can specifically affect the health of children and older adults and must be immediately treated if symptoms are seen. While it often lasts for only 24 hours, a serious diarrhea situation might cause a high fever and even blood in the stool.

4. Vomiting

Vomiting is the most common type of gastrointestinal disease. Caused due to unhealthy or overeating, people of all age groups can be affected by it. Vomiting usually includes the forceful release of undigested foods and other content through the mouth and even sometimes the nose.

While vomiting often gives a sense of relief to the body, frequent vomits can be a cause of concern. Therefore, seek the help of Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain, a gastro and liver specialist in Jaipur, to get relief from the problem at an initial stage.

5. Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids, often known as piles, are a serious gastrointestinal disease that is becoming more common with an increasingly unhealthy lifestyle of people. A common gastrointestinal disease, hemorrhoids include swollen veris in the anus region of the body and the lower rectum as well. This is often quite painful and hinders the smooth release of stool as well. While it can be treated with home remedies at a minor stage, serious hemorrhoids might require an operation for complete removal.

People affected with hemorrhoids must immediately consult a gastro and liver specialist in Jaipur to get rid of the problem before it becomes serious.

6. Anal Fistula

An anal fistula is usually an infection, resulting in the drain of pus from the anus. It can sometimes be serious to the extent that the pus might make a tunnel through your anus to the skin. People infected with anal fistula often feel redness in the area, swelling near the anus region, and pain. As a result, surgery is the only treatment to cure this gastrointestinal disease.

7. Colitis

Colitis, often known as ulcerative colitis, is a disease that causes inflammation and ulcers in the digestive tract. Colitis usually affects the inner lining of the large intestine and can develop slowly over time in the body.

If not treated at an earlier stage, it can also become life-threatening. Seeking the help of a Gastro and Liver Specialist in Jaipur, such as Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain, can be an ideal solution to the problem. 

8. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Specifically affecting the GI tract, irritable bowel syndrome is known to target the stomach and intestines. Common symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome include abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, and sometimes even result in diarrhea.  

However, it can be controlled easily with a good diet and proper medication, yet seeking the help of a gastro and liver specialist in Jaipur can be a safe consideration.

9. Gastritis

Gastritis is a condition that affects the lining of the stomach. It is a result of an infectious bacteria that leads to gastrointestinal disease. 

It can often be caused by drinking too much alcohol or regular use of pain relievers. Gastritis develops with time in the body and, if not treated in time, might result in stomach cancer. Hence, consulting a gastro doctor in Jaipur can be of great help to ensure that the disease does not become a life threat.

10. Crohn’s Disease

Crohn’s disease is caused as a result of the swelling of tissues in the digestive tract. This can result in severe abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue, and even malnutrition. While it can affect various parts of the digestive tract, the most commonly affected area is the small intestine. 

Crohn’s disease is often painful and must be treated by a gastro and liver specialist in Jaipur with care; otherwise can cause life-threatening complications.

Symptoms of Gastrointestinal Diseases

Gastric problems can often be mild ones that can be cured within 24 hours by taking a proper diet and simple medication. However, there are some symptoms that gastrointestinal diseases show, which can be a serious concern for you.

Below are some symptoms which must be taken care of when dealing with a gastrointestinal disease. Consider consulting a gastro doctor in Jaipur, such as Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain, immediately if you see any such symptoms in your body.

  • Gas/Acidity: Acidity or gas is quite a common problem in the human body. However, if ignored, its consequences can be severe. Therefore, consult a gastro doctor in Jaipur if you face a large amount of gas/acidity building up in your body for a long time.
  • Ulcer/Bleeding: Stomach ulcers are far more dangerous than mouth ulcers. Therefore, if you face stomach ulcers that show common symptoms such as heartburn and abdominal pain, consider consulting Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain in Jaipur immediately.
  • Blood in Vomiting: If you face constant vomiting issues mixed with stomach contents, it can be a serious issue of concern. Therefore, consult a gastro and liver specialist in Jaipur immediately to get rid of the problem at an initial stage. This is because such issues can be life-threatening if not taken care of properly.


These are some of the most common gastrointestinal diseases that are often caused in the human body, as suggested by gastro doctors in Jaipur. A major reason behind the occurrence of such disease is a bad lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, and ignorance of self-health.

While some of these gastrointestinal diseases can be treated with ease, others need dedicated treatment by a Gastro and Liver Specialist in Jaipur at the right stage or can often be life-threatening. If you record symptoms related to any such disease, you can consider consulting Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain, who is the most-renowned gastroenterologist in Jaipur. Book your appointment through a call or directly write an email to get your concerns resolved immediately.