Understanding Peptic Ulcers: Signs, Causes, and Treatments

Understanding Peptic Ulcers: Signs, Causes, and Treatments


Peptic ulcers are a common gastrointestinal disorder with the potential for life-threatening outcomes if not managed well in the early stages. One of the best Gastrology Doctor in Jaipur , Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain from ACE Gastro Super-speciality Clinic, can provide expert diagnosis and comprehensive management for peptic ulcers and other digestive disorders. In this blog, we shall detail what peptic ulcers are, about their signs, what causes them, and what treatment can be offered at a clinic with specialized care and treatment for related conditions like constipation treatment in Jaipur.

What is a Peptic Ulcer?

A peptic ulcer is a sore resulting from tissue erosion on the lining of the stomach, small intestine, or esophagus. These are sores caused by the erosion of the protective layer of mucus that lines the stomach and intestines, allowing the stomach acid to damage the tissue. Further division of peptic ulcers is into three types based on the location of their occurrence:

  1. Gastric Ulcers: Ulcers formed within the stomach itself.
  2. Duodenal Ulcers: Ulcers located in the first part of the small intestine, known as the duodenum.
  3. Esophageal Ulcers: Sores in the esophagus, which is the tube that connects your mouth to your stomach.

Signs and Symptoms of Peptic Ulcers

Early recognition of warning signs and symptoms related to peptic ulcers is crucial for making an early diagnosis that could be the best treatment plan. The most common ones are:

  • Heartburn: This is the most common symptom. Pain in the stomach can be felt anywhere from the navel up to the breastbone. This mostly happens on an empty stomach and may be relieved by eating certain foods or even after the intake of acidity-reducing medications.
  • Bloating and belching: There is excessive gas, and a feeling of fullness is usual.
  • Nausea and vomiting: Vomiting and nausea may coincide with the possibility of an ulcer.
  • Dark or bloody stools: Indicates a person probably has bleeding somewhere in their gastrointestinal system and should receive prompt medical attention.
  • Involuntary weight loss: A significant weight loss without effort may be a sign of an ulcer or other serious condition.

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is essential to consult a gastrology doctor in Jaipur, like Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain, for an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment plan. He offers comprehensive care for gastrointestinal issues, including Constipation Treatment in Jaipur.

Causes of Peptic Ulcers

There are different ways in which peptic ulcers can be developed, though the most common ones include:

  • Helicobacter pylori infection: It is a bacterium responsible for playing a significant role in the etiology of peptic ulcers. Helicobacter pylori damages the mucous lining of the stomach and duodenum, hence allowing the acid present in the stomach to irritate the vulnerable lining.
  • NSAIDs like ibuprofen and aspirin can irritate the stomach’s lining and, with chronic use, even lead to ulcer formation.
  • Too much acid: Other conditions, for example, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome—a rare genetic disorder that causes the stomach to produce excessive amounts of acid—can also contribute to the development of ulcers.
  • Stress and spicy foods: They do not cause peptic ulcers directly, but they trash you when you have symptoms.
  • Smoking and alcohol: These habits can increase the peptic ulcer development risk through aggravation and inflammation of the inner stomach lining.

Understanding these causes helps in the prevention and management of peptic ulcers. At ACE Gastro Super-Speciality Clinic, they offer comprehensive care for gastrointestinal issues, including constipation treatment in Jaipur.

Diagnosis of Peptic Ulcers

The diagnosis of a peptic ulcer involves the following steps:

  1. Medical History and Physical Examination: Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain will ask you questions regarding your symptoms, general and medical history, past treatments with medications, etc. He will conduct a general physical examination.
  2. Endoscopy is the procedure where a thin, flexible tube is passed through the throat down to view the stomach and duodenum. In this manner, the physician can view the ulcer directly and take a biopsy when required.
  3. Tests on H. pylori: These could involve blood, stool, or breath tests to indicate the presence of the bacteria H. pylori.
  4. Imaging Tests: Radiographs or other imaging studies are indicated to rule out the presence of perforation or obstruction.

Timely and accurate diagnosis is essential for effective treatment. If you suspect you have a peptic ulcer, seek consultation with a Gastrology Doctor in Jaipur for expert care. They offer comprehensive care for gastrointestinal issues, including constipation treatment in Jaipur.

Treatment Options for Peptic Ulcers

The treatment of peptic ulcers aims to relieve symptoms, heal the ulcer, and prevent complications. Treatment options include:


  1. Antibiotics: If an infection from H. pylori is present, combinations of antibiotics are given to exterminate the bacterium.
  2. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs): They decrease the secretion of gastric acid so that the ulcerative defect can heal.
  3. H2-Receptor antagonists: This class of drug reduces acid; however, it does so by reducing the stimulation of acid differently.
  4. Antacids: These work immediately to neutralize stomach acids.
  5. Cytoprotective agents: These help protect the lining of the stomach.

Lifestyle and Dietary Changes

  • Refrain from NSAIDs: Your provider will advise other medications to relieve pain.
  • Cessation of smoking: The adverse effects of smoking promote the delay in ulcer healing and the probability of recurrence.
  • Alcohol limitation: Excessively reducing one’s alcohol intake will help the body significantly in healing.
  • Diet changes: Small, frequent meals; avoid spicy foods, acidic foods, and fatty foods.

Surgical Treatment

In rare cases where medication and lifestyle changes are not effective or complications such as bleeding, perforation, or obstruction occur, surgery may be necessary. Procedures can include removing the ulcer, tying off bleeding vessels, or patching the ulcer with tissue from another part of the intestine.

At ACE Gastro Super-Speciality Clinic, they offer a comprehensive approach to the treatment of peptic ulcers, including constipation treatment in Jaipur. Their expert team, led by Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain, a renowned gastrology doctor in Jaipur, ensures that each patient receives personalized care tailored to their specific needs. 

Managing Complications

There are severe complications associated with peptic ulcers if not properly managed, including:

  • Internal bleeding: This might also cause anemia or mass loss of blood.
  • Perforation: A breach in the wall of the stomach or duodenum can cause a severe infection in the abdominal cavity called peritonitis.
  • Obstruction: Ulcers that can’t completely heal and the scar can block the passageway food follows through the digestive tract, which leads to vomiting and weight loss.

If you experience the symptoms of these complications, then probably the time has come to consult your healthcare provider. ACE Gastro Super-Speciality Clinic offers advanced diagnostic and treatment options in an array that would effectively take care of these conditions.

Preventing Peptic Ulcers

Preventive measures can significantly reduce the risk of developing peptic ulcers. These include:

  • Proper use of NSAIDs: Use these medications sparingly and under medical supervision.
  • Managing stress: Techniques such as yoga, meditation, and regular exercise can help reduce stress levels.
  • Healthy diet: Eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains supports digestive health.
  • Avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption: These habits can damage the stomach lining and should be avoided.

Regular check-ups with a gastrology doctor in Jaipur can help monitor your digestive health and catch potential issues early. Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain and the team at ACE Gastro Super-Speciality Clinic are dedicated to providing the highest quality care to prevent and manage gastrointestinal disorders.

Why Choose ACE Gastro Super-Speciality Clinic?

ACE Gastro Super-Speciality Clinic is committed to delivering top-notch healthcare services for all your digestive needs. Here’s why you should choose it:

  • Experienced specialists: Led by Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain, a highly qualified gastrology doctor in Jaipur, their team has extensive experience in treating peptic ulcers and other gastrointestinal conditions.
  • Comprehensive care: They offer a full range of diagnostic and therapeutic services, including endoscopy, imaging, and laboratory tests.
  • Patient-centered approach: The treatment plans are tailored to each patient’s unique needs, ensuring optimal outcomes.
  • State-of-the-art facilities: Their clinic is equipped with the latest medical technology to provide accurate diagnoses and effective treatments.
  • Holistic care: In addition to treating peptic ulcers, they also provide services such as Constipation Treatment in Jaipur, addressing a wide range of digestive health concerns.


Peptic ulcers are a commonplace issue, but they can be easily treated by taking up appropriate treatment. Proper understanding and identification of its symptoms, reasons, and even treatment methods are necessary for complete eradication of the problem and to avoid its re-emergence. If you have symptoms of peptic ulcers or any other problems associated with your digestive system, you will do well to book a consultation with the expert, Dr. Sushil Kumar Jain, at ACE Gastro Super-Speciality Clinic. His commitment to excellence in gastrointestinal care assures you that you are getting the best care possible, whether for peptic ulcers or constipation treatment in Jaipur.

For more information and to book an appointment with one of the best Gastrology Doctors in Jaipur, contact ACE Gastro Super-Speciality Clinic today. Your health issue is their priority, and their commitment to you is assisting you to live a pain-free, healthy life.